iotAgrar

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This article is a translation of the german article Digitization project is launched by Ralph Scheyer.

iotAgrar

The project deals with new ways of transmitting and processing sensor data in horticulture and agriculture. The focus is on decentralized data storage (DLT) via the Internet of Things (IoT). To explore possible applications, a test installation based on a water meter is being set up on the campus of Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences in the experimental greenhouse of the LLH. The aim is to investigate whether a completely tamper-proof transmission path can be implemented using the technology employed. As a first application, the possible real-time visualization of the data via the GeoBox viewer will be tested.

Test installation

The test installation consists of a water meter with GPS module and pressure sensor. On a module developed by peerOs, the acquired sensor data is encrypted into the IOTA protocol and partitioned into the necessary data size. These data packets are then sent to an LTE gateway via LoRa radio and from there written to the Tangle. From this Tangle, which is to be understood as a standardized data interface, the real-time visualization of the data is then realized via the GeoBox viewer.

The digital water meter – basis of efficient irrigation

The installation of the mentioned technology is intended to demonstrate the benefit of digital water meters for efficient irrigation.

In the last few years, which have been characterized by drought, it has become apparent that it would be advantageous to be able to call up the current and past water consumption in irrigation systems online in real time. With most existing systems, it is not possible to draw conclusions about the amount of water consumed until the meter readings of the analog water meters have been evaluated at the end of the season. By documenting the meter readings digitally, an early response could be made to any overages of allocated water allowances. In addition, collecting real-time water use is the basic requirement for calculating and implementing irrigation recommendations based on a climatic water balance. In irrigation systems, depending on the number of irrigations running in parallel, the pressure in the system changes and thus also the amount of water available at a tapping point. The target value of an irrigation system can therefore not be defined by the pure runtime of the irrigation, but must be controlled by irrigation volume. Only by the exact collection of the given water quantity the calculation of the climatic water balance and thus the efficient use of the resource water becomes possible.

With the installation of a pressure sensor, one would additionally be able to collect real-time information about pressure conditions in the pipe system. This information could be used to weigh up whether it makes sense from a performance point of view to start another irrigation. It could thus be prevented that the pumps integrated in the piping system run outside their optimal range of action and thus make the irrigation energetically inefficient. By combining the water meter with a GPS module, it is possible to specifically allocate the measured water consumption to the respective crops and thus create a product-related water footprint.

In addition to the direct benefit of the test installation as a demonstration object for consulting, education and research, the focus of the undertaking is on network building. The knowledge and networks gained will serve as a basis for further developments in this field.

Original source

https://llh.hessen.de/unternehmen/technik-energie-und-bauen/digitalisierung/projekt-zur-digitalisierung-geht-an-den-start/

IOTAqua

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the german article IOTAqua – Reduce consumption with smart water meter systems by Ralph Scheyer.

IOTAqua – Reduce consumption with smart water meter systems

Resource-saving use of water and energy is becoming increasingly important in view of advancing climate change. New, intelligent technologies are needed to make water use in agriculture and horticulture as efficient as possible.

As part of the “IOTAqua” project, the Landesbetrieb Landwirtschaft Hessen (LLH) is developing and testing a new water metering system. While in existing irrigation systems the amount of water consumed is often only an estimate over the irrigation period, the new water meter can be used to collect the exact irrigation amount in real time. The accurate documentation makes it possible to analyze the different needs of different crops and thus to target irrigation more precisely. With the documentation of the area-related water consumption over time, statements can also be made about the effects of climatic changes and the resulting changing water requirements of the individual crops. The project is funded by the Integrated Climate Protection Plan Hessen 2025 (IKSP).

The new water meter system is based on existing products. The ultrasonic water meter “Octave” from the company Lorenz, the control valve “1000 Series” from the company Nelson and the LoRa radio module from the company peerOS. The development and construction of the housing of the new system is done in cooperation with the company Lorenz, in order to adapt it in the best possible way to the requirements of agricultural practice. With the support of the company peerOS, the water meters will be installed at three locations in Hesse: in the Griesheim association area, on a horticultural farm in Frankfurt / Main and on the campus of the Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences.

With regard to data transmission, experience from the still ongoing cooperation project “IOTAgrar” can be used, in which new, secure ways of transmitting and processing sensor data are being tested. In order to ensure tamper-proof and cost-free data transfer, the IOTA data protocol is used within the framework of “IOTAqua” in addition to the energy-efficient radio standard “LoRa”. The distributed ledger technology (DLT) used by IOTA, which was already convincing in the previous project “IOTAgrar”, creates a decentralized data interface. The acquired data can thus be connected to the GEObox viewer for visualization. Once the LoRa radio infrastructure is set up, this opens up the integration of further sensors into the system. An important step towards complete documentation in the cultivation of sustainably produced food.

Original source

https://llh.hessen.de/umwelt/klimaschutz/mit-intelligenten-wasserzaehler-systemen-den-verbrauch-senken/

IOTA Bittorrent

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This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

IOTA Bittorrent – A P2P file sharing system

Since I cannot and do not want to translate the entire research paper, I only briefly describe below what this research paper is about. Please follow this link to get direct access to the document (PDF).

In a research paper titled “IOTA-BT: A P2P File-Sharing System Based on IOTA,” researchers Li-Yuan Hou, Tsung-Yi Tang, and Tyng-Yeu Liang of the National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology in Taiwan describe a technically improved version of the peer-to-peer file-sharing platform BitTorrent using the IOTA Tangle.

The researchers describe BitTorrent’s shortcomings, such as the risk of a single point of failure and the threat of cyber attacks (Sybil u. Eclipse attacks). Since IOTA technology prevents Sybil or Eclipse attacks, among other things, they want to make the BitTorrent framework work on IOTA’s mainnet and thus solve these problems. The newly created P2P file sharing service offers higher security and better public availability.

The obtained test results with IOTA 1.0 (IRI nodes) show that IOTA-BT is an efficient P2P file-sharing environment with higher security because it can effectively reduce the number of unnecessary transaction requests and decoding, among others.

Finally, the research gives an outlook on IOTA 2.0 with the implementation of true decentralization, the elimination of the PoW mechanism (yet to be determined), and the introduction of smart contracts. Once the IOTA 2.0 upgrade is released, the researchers would like to expand the IOTA-BT application into a P2P file trading system using smart contracts.

Sources

https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/9/10/1610/pdf

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/iota-bittorrent.html

Home Assistant Platform

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

Home Assistant Platform

Software developer Lukas Hetzenecker demonstrates an example of integrating IOTA technology into a smart home control system in his blog post.

His smart home is based on the open source Home Assistant platform, where developers can advance the automation of their homes by creating applications such as digital light switches and making them available to other smart home pioneers. Home Assistant is a modular system. This means that users decide for themselves which applications to install. There are currently over 1,000 installable components available, including a module to integrate Amazon’s Alexa. Mini computers such as the Raspberry Pi serve as hubs for the smart home software.

On the Medium platform, he describes the integration of the IOTA Tangle into his smart home using the example of a digital door opener. For sensitive applications such as digital keys, it is enormously important to be able to define the authorization to open the door properly. This is possible with the help of the Tangle. With the DoorOpener app, users can place the command to open the door in the Tangle. When the user triggers this command on the smartphone, the application forwards an encrypted message to the smart home system. The big advantage here is that the system can flawlessly determine the authenticity of the request without the need to connect to the Internet. The home server only needs to be accessible to the IOTA feed. In this way, Hetzenecker achieves a very high level of security with his system.

For applications that need to be controlled from the outside, the Home Assistant server can be connected to the Internet. However, this carries its own risks. The combination of Home Assistant and IOTA solves this elegantly and removes all security concerns.

Update Apr ’20

The Home Assistant platform has officially integrated IOTA, see here.

More Details

Integrating my Smart Home into the Tangle – Medium

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/home-assistant-plattform.html

Deposy – Recycling system

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

Deposy

The project Deposy (short for deposit system) wants to achieve with an IOTA-based deposit system that all plastic waste of our throwaway society is sorted according to its composition (PP, PS, etc.) and returned to the industry for recycling. Plastics are very expensive for processing manufacturers and the current recycling system does not allow for the reuse of plastics that have already been used because, as a rule, all types of plastic are disposed of in a mixed way by the consumer. Because of this mixed waste, which is very difficult to recycle, about 80% of plastics are incinerated in power plants today.

With a financial incentive and a QR code on each plastic product, the project aims to encourage proper disposal at sorting machines so that the recycled plastic waste can be turned back into pure granules for the manufacturing process.

Deposy
Source: deposy.org

Main goals of the project

  • Less plastic waste in the environment, for example reducing microplastics in rivers, lakes and oceans
  • A significantly higher recycling rate and thus contribute to the reuse of plastic
  • A significant CO2 saving
  • Create financial incentives for an additional source of revenue (plastic waste collection)

Deposy is a project of the association BIOTA e.V. (i.G.), which promotes the application of new technologies, especially the distributed ledger technology of the IOTA Foundation, which contribute to the protection of the environment and the climate.

Details about Deposy, how to become a supporting member of the association and how to support the team can be found on the website of the project.

Source: Hello IOTA

More Details

Official Homepage

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/deposy-recycling.html

Zühlke – Machine-as-a-Service

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

Zühlke – Machine-as-a-Service

On October 1, 2019, the IOTA Foundation announced a close partnership with the company Zühlke. The aim of the partnership is to develop and advance innovations in the field of Machine-as-a-Service technology for industry.

The Zühlke Group serves customers from various industries – from mechanical & plant engineering to medical technology and the financial sector – and can rely on experience from more than 10,000 software and product development projects. As a service provider for innovation projects, Zühlke combines business and technology expertise to create solutions that inspire customers. The company develops commercially successful products, services and business models of the digital future – from the idea to the realization and operation. Furthermore, Zühlke helps to find, develop and evaluate new ideas beyond familiar ways of thinking and proceeding.

While the collaboration will initially focus primarily on the German mechanical and plant engineering sector, Zühlke and the IOTA Foundation are eager to realize projects for the Asian and British markets as well. Both partners also see opportunities in the supply chain, financial services, insurance, healthcare and consumer goods sectors. Zühlke is one of the first companies of its kind to enter the distributed ledger technology space and brings a 50-year history of successful projects to the joint initiative.

More Details

IOTA and Zühlke Partner up to Accelerate Machine-as-a-Service Solutions – IF

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/zuehlke-machine-as-a-service.html

Accessec GmbH – Car Wallet

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Accessec GmbH – Car Wallet

The accessec GmbH is a German tech security company that has developed a car wallet for the car. In this demonstrator cars can automatically and securely buy fuel or charging services with IOTA tokens.

In the demonstrator itself, an IOTA wallet is integrated into a vehicle. This wallet automatically interacts with the point-of-sale terminal (POS) without human intervention. The wallet can automatically initialize services, such as authorization to start charging the battery. When charging is complete, the amount to be paid is then sent directly to the merchant.

During development, great emphasis was placed on security from the beginning, and a detailed threat and risk analysis of each component was conducted. This is one of the reasons why porting and integrating the Car-Wallet / PoS solution into any car control unit or PoS charging station is easily possible. This demonstrator also enables the automatic payment of many other services. Anyone who wants to know more should visit the website and contact accessec GmbH if necessary.

Accessec GmbH - Car Wallet
Source: accessec.com

More Details

https://accessec.com/car-wallet

Smart Energy

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

Smart Energy

Use Cases

ElaadNL: IOTA Smart Charging Station – IF

ENGIE Lab CRIGEN: Smart energy ecosystem – IF

Smart Energy

The energy industry is undergoing a massive transition to decentralized clean energy and smart grid decentralization. Additionally the sector is moving towards the Internet of Everything.

Blockchain entered the energy industry in 2016 to enable the exploration of decentralized energy systems. Due to the technology’s lack of scalability, stakeholders are now exploring alternative distributed ledger technologies beyond traditional blockchains. The IOTA Tangle has now become the focus of these stakeholders. The IF is developing the Tangle as a new standard for and with the industry, enabling smart transformation across the energy sector with this technology.

Source: ElaadNL

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/smart-energy.html

Sustainability

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Sustainability

Use Cases

Deposy – Recycling system

ClimateCHECK – Digital MRV – IF

Sustainability

Sustainable technology is something the IF is 100% committed to. For this reason, the IF wants to work with companies that invest resources in the development of novel, energy-saving and highly efficient devices. IOTA itself wants to develop distributed ledger architectures that are able to reduce the power requirements of devices, protocols and algorithms to realize all the amazing visions and dreams of a peer-to-peer economy without further destroying our planet.

Source: Everything Tangle

In the case of energy, one of the great challenges is to supply the whole world with electricity and to give everyone access to affordable electricity. At the same time, the necessary and justified demands for environmental protection and improved energy efficiency must be clarified. Which regions need which technologies and fit in with the local society? Digitization and further technical innovations in this area will play a central role in improving the efficiency of energy supply worldwide and implementing intelligent decentralized distribution systems.

The IF itself is using its technology to promote the creation of a decentralized, self-sufficient demand model. In addition to entire villages in emerging countries, entire communities in the western world could be equipped with solar collectors on the roofs of buildings and generate solar energy. All inhabitants of the building would be supplied and the surplus energy could be distributed to neighboring buildings, which would have to pay for this service with IOTAs according to the specific amount of energy.

Climate change and the loss of essential ecosystems are still the greatest threats to the long-term survival of mankind. With IOTA, common environmental data can be generated that everyone can trust. This enables evidence-based policy measures and improved management of natural resources. The IOTA token can be used in economic initiatives to create incentives for sustainability and reduce waste.

For more information about Sustainability please have a look at Social Impact.

Supply Chain

Header Use Cases

This article is a translation of the German IOTA Beginner’s Guide by Schmucklos.

Supply Chain

Use Cases

EVRYTHNG: Transparent Supply Chain – IF

EVRYTHNG: Track Provenance and Authenticity – IF

IBCS Group: Track & Trace – IF

NKT: TrackMyDrum – NKT

Topocare: Supply Chain Documentation – Medium

Supply Chain

The supply chain can probably be considered in general as one of the fields benefiting most from distributed ledger technology. Goods or components are equipped with chips (“RFID”) and sensors that record all kinds of data and information, store it unalterably via the tangle, and thus make it accessible to all. This function thus makes some things possible that are rather difficult today (often due to a lack of trust between the various parties). As a result, products can be made counterfeit-proof. Every production step in the supply chain can be tracked and documented beyond doubt, in terms of location and time.

Tracking, which we already know today from all the parcel delivery companies, can be extended to all areas of industry and suddenly without major difficulties even across companies and nationalities. All manufacturing machines can be linked to the IoT and provide possible error indications at an early stage, so that production downtime and possibly delivery delays, which affect the entire supply chain, can be significantly minimized by taking action in time.

Global trade and supply chains

Today’s supply chains are like a black box. We don’t know where our goods are, who processed them, when or why something went wrong, or what data is real or fraudulent. Global supply chains are incredibly complex and involve multiple actors from around the world. However, it is not the complexity of the supply chain itself, but often the lack of management, transparency and monitoring that leads to the major problems in global trade.

Global trade is the combination of three distinct and interdependent flows:

The movement of physical goods
The supporting communication and documentation requirements
The financial flows between the many different players along the supply chains
Data is the fuel for realizing the potential of full transparency and effective supply chain coordination. It will transform global trade and remove many of today’s trade barriers. The following trusted data would need to be collected for this to happen: shipment tracking, inventory, condition and status of goods (temperature, humidity, quality, assurances), payment processes, and regulatory requirements (certificate of origin, physical hygiene certificates, etc.).

How IOTA’s Tangle will impact the future of supply chain.

The authenticity and integrity of supply chain data is critical to the coordination of the entire supply chain. Distributed Ledger Technology is designed to build such trust in data and provide a single version of the truth. DLT provides cryptographic security, defines access permissions for different user groups, and establishes the audit trail all actors need to trust the information and collaborate with trusted actors.

Once data integrity is established, the exchange of information between actors will change. Today’s supply chains are driven by actors passing information to the next actor and requesting updates on status multiple times if necessary. Emails, phone calls, and uncertainty drive the daily processes of moving goods. This information is transmitted peer-to-peer and sometimes must be manually entered into new systems (SAP or similar), losing data integrity and authenticity.

Tomorrow’s vision is a supply chain supported by a distributed ledger where original documents and events are reported in real time and made available to authorized stakeholders. This provides process transparency and access to original data.

Source: IOTA Foundation

The technology behind IOTA is the only technology that can scale and support millions of transactions on which global commerce depends. It is unbiased and also supports offline transactions. This means that local transactions can be secured during times without direct access to the internet (e.g. remote areas) and during maritime transport.

Companies and authorities must build this future ecosystem together.

IOTA aims to support a collective learning process among all stakeholders. All the implications and real-world impacts of distributed ledger technology have not yet been fully explored. There are important questions about the governance of DLT networks and regulatory compliance. Therefore, new business models and collaborations between different players are needed.

The real value of using DLT is to create a “common product” for all stakeholders. Therefore, IOTA is working in partnerships with businesses and public institutions to test and validate the application of the technology. A key concern is to build or enter into alliances with stakeholders from all sectors in parallel with the development of the technology for large-scale production.

Original source

https://iota-einsteiger-guide.de/supply-chain.html